Regine, a girl born and raised in Payatas (one of the biggest and poorest slums in the Philippines), has made it to the Philippine National Football Team. Joining the 18-girl squad for the U14 AFC Regional Championships, Regine and the rest of the Philippine team will face group hosts Vietnam on the 23rd, Singapore on the 24th, and Malaysia on the 25th June.
Payatas is most renowned for being the home of the largest dumpsite in the Philippines, and it is also home to up to 500,000 people who typically live off the garbage industry through scavenging. But slowly the reputation is changing as more and more gems like Regine are uncovered and people begin to realise the true potential in Payatas.
Trained by Payatas FC, of the Fairplay for All Foundation (FFA), Regine quickly stood out not just in the girls division but for any player in her age category. A natural attacker, she combined well with her younger sister to pass through any boys in their way.
On the same weekend when she was 11 years old, she won the MVP award for a boys U12 tournament and a boys U14 tournament. She would have joined Team Philippines for the Street Child World Cup also, but was too young for the competition. Later she joined Kaya’s Academy for the U17 girls, playing in the UFL Youth League’s U17 Girls Division at 12 years old. Now at 13, Regine has shown she has the ability to be one of the top female players in the country by making it to the final 18 of the Philippines U14 Girls.
You can check out some of Regine’s moves in this video of Payatas FC celebrating the team’s 4th year in Payatas. She’s the girl in red scoring goals from 2:45 onwards.
The U14 Philippine Girls surprised ASEAN last year when they won silver. Another girl from Payatas FC, Angelica, had been invited to join the National team but was homesick and dropped out of the training camp of 32 girls in 2012 and felt she couldn’t join in 2013.
For such young girls, these feelings are entirely normal. Not least when you consider the difficult backgrounds many such players are coming from. However it also shows the huge potential of Payatas with girls invited to the National team in each of the last 3 years, and strong potentials for the next few years too.
The boys are doing well also with 10 players in all previously part of Kaya’s Academy. Distance and transport costs proved difficult to maintain, as Payatas is far from any football field. Payatas FC, though, were featured in the past by FIFA, by the major local channels, and in an upcoming CNN Philippines feature.
A Home for Payatas FC
There is so much potential in the area for grassroots development. Payatas FC has shown it’s producing great players, despite training on a basketball court barefoot once or twice a week, with 60-80 players at each practice.
Regularly the team have been kicked off the barangay’s basketball court by older basketballers, schedules have been ignored, and when the team does get to practice it’s not very regularly or for very long. This prevents us from breaking down the kids into age groups and providing more advanced trainings. So given all the limitations, including malnourishment which often sees Payatas FC players only half as tall as some of their opponents, the kids are doing brilliantly. Imagine how much better the players and development can be if we have our own futsal court.
And this is FFA’s dream for 2015, to complete the purchase of nearby titled land in Payatas to build a futsal court. Our own futsal court will mean we won’t lose so many kids in training, as they get used to the drills. It means we won’t lose the older kids who find something for their age group. And it means we won’t lose all that potential that is clearly here. If we’re producing players good enough for National Youth Teams with what we’re doing right now, how much better will the players get with our own futsal court and professional training?
Build a Home for Payatas FC
To this end, you can now you can join the Payatas FC Supporter’s Club to help build a home for Payatas FC. All it takes is a P1,000 donation and you will net your own:
2015/2016 Season Payatas FC jersey (sponsored by StraightArrow, a local marketing company)
Polvoron and other home-made goodies from FFA’s urban farm
And exclusively for those who pre-order by July 31, a Team Philippines jersey from the Street Child World Cup (while stocks last).
Everyone who pre-orders by July 31 will also be entered into a raffle to win one of three Waka Wakas, a solar powered torch and power bank that can charge your smartphone on the go, worth P3,500 each. Courtesy of Witsenburg Natural Products.
So it’s a great opportunity to help build a home for Payatas FC, whilst giving yourself a chance to win some great prizes too. Email: email@example.com for more information on how you can be part of the Payatas FC Supporter’s Club and proudly support grassroots football in Payatas and the Philippines.
*Last names of minors have been withheld as a child protection policy
Right now it seems almost every country in the world is condemning China for the Yulin Festival, where apparently tens of thousands of dogs are captured and killed to eat. This comes after the latest South China Sea issue and has somewhat overshadowed that political situation for now, and perhaps explains why everyone’s been quick to condemn China and make this issue go viral – rather than every other year it’s happened before. Now, however, there has been an unprecedented backlash for the Festival, campaigns and petitions have sprung up across the web, trying to stop this meat festival.
Now up front, of course I think the Festival is cruel. Of course this causes so much suffering to the dogs. This isn’t what I’m taking issue with, I’m not saying the Festival isn’t cruel. There’s primarily two reasons for the majority of outrage, the first being people are apparently stealing others’ pets (ownership issue) and the unnecessary cruelty of how the dogs are treated (moral issue).
But here’s the problem. How can we condemn this treatment of animals so passionately, and then sit down to a big dinner of pork, beef, chicken, and fish, snapping pictures to post over social media to celebrate our meals day after day, knowing that those animals went through at least the same amount of suffering? In all likelihood they went through much more given their confinement in factory farms and battery cages for their entire lives. That they were pumped full of antibiotics and
growth hormones sometimes making it impossible to even stand up. Many animals can’t even turn around because their cages are too small. Many never see the sun or natural light. And they receive physical, social, and emotional abuse on a daily basis.
All this we already know.
So how can we condemn the cruelty of making one kind of animal suffer, killing and eating it, and then sit down every day to eat other animals?
What’s the Difference Between Dogs and Other Animals
Now many will say dogs are different. They’re not like other animals; they can learn, be trained, they are social. Dogs are man’s best friend. Turns out that other animals can do all that too. Practically all animals are social, they all learn, and they all contribute to the environment and eco-system we need to survive in.
In other words there’s no substantial reason to differentiate a dog’s suffering from a pig or a cow. Either you say it’s cruel to put any animal through such suffering, or you’re happy to eat pigs, cows, and, yes, dogs too. .
Why I’m Vegetarian
“If slaughterhouses had glass walls, everyone would be a vegetarian.” – Paul McCartney
To resolve this moral conflict for myself, I turned vegetarian. When people find out I’m vegetarian they inevitably ask why.
There are many reasons to be vegetarian. For me it was personal morality. I didn’t want animals to suffer, to take a life unnecessarily. So I chose not to eat meat, wear leather, or use anything that killed an animal for its purpose.
I believe animals deserve life. If we don’t need meat to survive (see below), then we’re not eating meat for survival but for pleasure. We choose to allow the suffering of the animal so we have the pleasure of eating it. Not the necessity (as with a lion or a tiger), but singularly the pleasure.
“Nothing will benefit human health and increase chances for survival of life on Earth as much as the evolution to a vegetarian diet”. – Albert Einstein
Even some life insurance companies offer lower premiums to vegetarians, sometimes as much as 20% less. The linked article also references another study concluding vegetarians have a 12% reduced risk of death overall. Studies will debate the exact figures, but the overwhelming evidence is that being vegetarian is healthier. One of the reasons goes to another myth, that vegetarians lack protein. Beans, lentils, and other vegetable sources of protein have more protein per gram than meat, without the large serving of fat and other unhealthy parts. Eating meat doesn’t just make the animals suffer, in the long-run it makes the person eating meat suffer too.
By the way red meat is unequivocally the worst. If you want one step right now to a healthier lifestyle, then quite possibly the single best thing you could do for your health right now is to cut red meat out of your diet. One study concludes that 1 in 10 early deaths in men and 1 in 13 in women is attributable to eating red meat.
“By eating meat we share the responsibility of climate change, the destruction of our forests, and the poisoning of our air and water. The simple act of becoming a vegetarian will make a difference in the health of our planet.” – Thích Nhất Hạnh (Buddhist)
It’s also an incredibly inefficient way to produce food. As a rough idea of what we’re wasting, it takes about 20lbs. of grain to produce 1lb. of edible beef. By comparison pork requires 7.3lbs. and chicken 4.5lbs. of grain to produce a single lb. of meat.
And that’s just in terms of grain. Add in the extra water, transport, and other things needed to grow animals not plants, and you’ve got an incredibly inefficient way of making food. So why is a burger often cheaper than fresh fruits and vegetables? Because all of these extra costs are paid for by the government (meaning your taxes). The USA alone spends $38 billion every year to subsidize the meat and dairy industries (http://www.peta.org/living/food/10-things-wish-everyone-knew-meat-dairy-industries/). By comparison the USA subsidises fruits and vegetables to only $17 million a year.
To put that in perspective, our meat would cost almost three times as much without government subsidies, the additional healthcare, costs of reducing environmental damage, and other costs of eating meat and dairy.
So we could produce many times more food on a vegetarian diet, saving ourselves money individually and as a society, and improving our health in the process. And yet consumption of meat continues to increase, reducing food production drastically despite the world now having the most number of malnourished and starving people in history. We’re looking at expensive ways we can grow more food, thinking GM crops and investing in technology, when we’ve got a cheap solution staring us in the face. A way that is well researched, well documented, and something we could all individually do. A way that means we can produce more than enough food for everyone on the planet in a cheaper, healthier, and more efficient way. And as a bonus we eliminate the biggest cause of greenhouse gases too.
Now this is no exhaustive list of reasons to be vegetarian, or the available research of course. But it should provide enough context to return to the original point of how there’s no consistency in condemning the Yulin Festival while tucking into our burger, steak, and yes, even our lechon (for Philippine readers).
If we are outraged over the apparently tens of thousands of dogs that will be killed during the Yulin Festival, we should likewise be outraged by the suffering and killings of the billions of animals that end up on our collective plates during the year. To be clear, I don’t want these dogs (and apparently cats too) to be killed for the Yulin Festival. But then I dont’ want any animal to be abused. I don’t think our care for animals should suddenly stop at cats and dogs. It should be for all living creatures.
The treatment of animals in the Yulin Festival is abuse. But so is the treatment of the animals in our meat industries across the world. The choice is simple. If we want to eat meat, we have no right to moral outrage against any animal cruelty. Because otherwise we’re criticizing the Yulin Festival and how dogs are treated, while celebrating a much grander, a much bigger, and much more brutal Yulin Festival on our own plates every day.
Ahead of Payatas FC’s 4th year anniversary, which coincides with the one year anniversary for Team Philippines in the Street Child World Cup, support for Payatas Football Club was once again on full show.
For those who don’t know about Payatas FC, we’re a team made of kids living at the foot of the Payatas dumpsite. Many oft he players are jumper kids, scavengers, or work in other ways. Coming to our 4th year we’ve won over 20 trophies now, showing how skillful the players can be with the right opportunity. Check out FIFA Futbol Mundial’s feature on the charity here: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=i80YJ-hDdyA
So, In the same week, UFL rivals Global and Kaya both invited the team for events and so while they may be rivals on the points – sometimes the most bitter of rivals following Kaya’s 2-0 win over Global – off the pitch the two are always supporting good causes themselves.
Payatas FC Compete in 3v3 Warren and Brown Tournament
Last weekend Payatas FC joined Kaya’s 3v3 tournament at the Emperador Stadium. It was a fun event as teams from Gawad Kalinga, Tondo, Dream Big Pilipinas, Payatas, and similar community teams battled Kaya, Loyola, and other academies.
I say battled, but it was one of the friendliest tournaments I’ve been part of and that’s largely because everyone knew each other. Perhaps the best example of that is with the Bootcamp U11 Champions, who were made up of the Celdran twins and Marcos, one of our players in Payatas. The Celdrans are a lovely family who have been big supporters of FFA, but due to a problem the third player in their team couldn’t make it and so after brief negotiations, Bootcamp signed Marcos on loan. Terms included a hug, and a smile. For us it was good because with 4 players in one of our teams it meant our sub would start instead and get more playing time. Incidentally the boys (right) won their age group.
And that’s what youth development is about, friends and fun. Chris Greatwich, who organized the tournament with Miji and others, said “The 3v3 format is really good for the Philippines [because] it’s difficult to get full size pitches… [it] encourages as many touches as possible, in an environment where [players] are free to express themselves.”
Speaking more generally of the Kaya Academy, he said “Everything is [going really well], it’s very busy with the upcoming UFL Youth League. We had 170 kids at the tryouts.” And he was quick to thank sponsors, Warren and Brown, of course. Neil Domelow, of W&B, himself recalled how his own sons have played football for a long time, and through this he was introduced to the UFL scene. “Since my boys were involved in Kaya we got more and more involved [too]”. He spoke of their “obvious interest in the sport as a company, seeing the opportunity with [Kaya], seeing what they do with less fortunate kids”.
For him, “as long as the business remains profitable we’ll put more into the sport” which bodes well with more and more companies starting to get involved in Philippine football too.
Payatas FC Cheer on Global in AFC Cup
Earlier in the week, then, Payatas FC were very kindly invited to watch to Global in the AFC Cup. Global and the Palami family in general have been supporters of FFA for a long time and they have been a huge help to us over the years.
Here, the older players at Payatas FC were able to go from their friendly games against OPES near Fairview in the morning to the Rizal Memorial Stadium to watch the first match for any Philippine club in the AFC Cup Group Stage. It was an action packed day of football.
As it happened, Global were of course beaten, but as I posted on Facebook after the game I think the 6-1 scoreline flattered South China a bit. The team from Hong Kong scored their first three decent chances and that killed the game.
South China certainly deserved the win, of course, so we hope Global can ride a quick learning curve to improve in their next match against Pahang of Malaysia.
And it was great to see most of the football community come together to support Global for the night. Ryan Fenix wrote a good piece about that here, http://www.interaksyon.com/interaktv/rampaging-fullback-football-fans-should-set-aside-club-loyalties-even-just-for-one-night, noting the historical and nationalistic reasons there. From another angle, you can also say it’s in everyone’s best interests. If Global (and Ceres in the playoffs) do well in the AFC Cup this year, and whoever qualifies next year too, then it contributes to raising the ranking of the country (coefficient) to get more slots in continental competition.
So hopefully we can see an even bigger support for the team in their next game too. It’s great to set rivalries aside for the night as we support the Philippines’ representatives in the competition, and it truly is in the best interests of Philippine football as a whole.
Fairplay for All Foundation Goals
The next steps for FFA, though, are also exciting. Support from a wide spectrum of teams, companies, and individuals, has meant that FFA has at least doubled every year since it was founded by Naomi Tomlinson and myself. And for 2015 there are some great plans too. These announcements will be made first at the anniversary on Sunday, March 15, in Payatas, and then will be shared.
And while we’re primarily known for football in the Philippines, these announcements go far beyond the beautiful game. As FFA works in education, nutrition, livelihood, and other areas to holistically and sustainably break the cycle of poverty, look out for the exciting news over the next two weeks, and see how you can be part of the team.
In Part 1 of this series I talked about the hidden cost of school, and then in Part 2 I talked about the hidden purpose of school. To complete the trilogy, I want to discuss solutions. I want to talk about how we can build a happier, more effective learning environment, saving billions in the process.
If it sounds impossible, just consider that it’s already been done. Nothing I write here is original in concept or application. It may (perhaps) be unique to Payatas (home to the biggest dumpsite in the country), and I don’t know of any democratic schools in the Philippines, but there are many alternative schools and inspiring people out there – the key is to bring a little bit of that back home.
Is Algebra More Dangerous Than Driving?
Part 2 of this, the hidden purpose of school, talked a lot more about how school is designed as a prison so I’ll skip over most of that. How truly odd our current education system really is, though, is seen by comparing how we learn geography, math, and other traditional subjects by how we learn to drive.
As John Taylor Gatto notes in Dumbing Us Down, driving a car is potentially far more dangerous than learning about algebra, what the capital of Madagascar is, or what happened in 1066. The most recent estimates show 1.3 million people die each year in traffic accidents which makes it the 9th top cause of death in the world. For some context, the other top 10 killers were all diseases – led by heart disease and strokes by a significant margin. Aside from diseases, then, traffic accidents are the biggest cause of death in the world – more cars kill people than bullets, bombs, and tanks.
Yet when you learn to drive there is little that you are legally required to do. It’s mostly up to you. This begins with the first choice of whether you learn (I don’t drive for example, I commute everywhere). If you do choose to learn to drive, you can do it at whatever time you choose, at any particular space suitable, learning from whomever you want in whatever method you want. You can ask a family member to teach you or get an instructor, if you don’t like the teacher you can change them, if you want to stop, you can. But if you stick with it you’ll take a test. If you fail, you can take the test again and again until you pass. After that you’re mostly left alone until a crash or a speeding ticket.
Let me be clear, I’m not advocating for massive increases in prescriptive learning for drivers. What stands out with the number of traffic accidents isn’t so much how many there are but how much safer driving is given the massive increase in cars on the road.
What’s odd is that by comparison for algebra, for rock formations, and learning the capital of obscure countries half the world away, the story is completely different. We have no choice of where we learn, how we learn, and who we learn from. We are even told what to wear. If you try to stand up you’ll get shouted at, and if you try to dropout truant officers will visit your office and threaten you and your family with jail.
For what clearly needs a good level of proficiency not to kill someone, you learn in almost entire freedom then submit to a standard proficiency test. No distinction for drivers is made from this test, if you want to go further and be a professional driver the only stipulation is that you drive well.
So here’s the question, if we trust people to learn to drive why can’t we trust people to learn other things too? I cite again the example from several of the education philosophers I’ve mentioned; that a typical 12 year old can learn the whole Elementary curriculum in about 4 months. Instead we waste huge amounts of time and money forcing kids to learn institutionally. And in the process so many fail (in the Philippines 1/3 dropout before High School and of those who reach High School 31% more dropout).
A Revolution in Education
This is why I titled this series a Revolution in Education. This isn’t about tweaking the system, it’s an entire overhaul. The fundamental purpose of a happier and more effective education system is choice, freedom. As John Holt and A.S. Neill write, their books can be summed up by two words: ‘trust children’. Children have an innate curiosity and want to learn, they copy adults around them to literally stand on their own two feet and speak complex languages that no other creature has ever managed to do in the history of the known universe. No classrooms, no authority, just a loving environment and a little support.
By contrast, one of the fundamental problems in the education system for AS Neill, the father of democratic education, was that school takes away this drive to learn, they take away self-direction to leave children dependent on authority for validation (through competition, grades, and ranking). The very architecture of school, the way the classroom is built and arranged, says that a child can’t learn from anyone but the teacher (who in turn is told what curriculum to teach).
The Most Important Factor for Success
More recently, research (such as that found in Daniel Goleman’s Focus) has found self-discipline is a bigger indicator for success than grades or IQ. In some cases twice as much. Goleman, however, advocates for teaching children meditation and breathing techniques within the current school system (he’s not an education expert). But what if we take this idea to its logical conclusion? If self-direction, self-discipline, is more important than grades and IQ, and we learn self-discipline and direction through experience and through doing things ourselves, what if we arranged school to support the experience of the student?
If you want real life examples of how this works, look at Bill Gates, Steve Jobs, Richard Branson, all dropouts. Actually look at the biggest companies in the world and typically a dropout started it. Naturally these people were smart and self-driven, they each had their own huge slice of luck which gave them an opportunity to succeed. But listen to Steve Jobs’ commencement speech to understand his reasons for dropping out at University. By dropping out it meant he could go to whatever classes he wanted to, whatever his interests were. His University was one of the best in the world for calligraphy and so he joined in some calligraphy classes for fun. No doubt his University helped him, but not in a prescribed course, a curriculum for a chosen subject, but because Steve Jobs effectively cheated the system and chose to go to whatever he wanted. Skip forward in time and that calligraphy class was the basis for how Jobs created fonts for Mac computers and built the most user friendly interfaces in the world.
Jobs’ idea was that you can’t connect the dots going forward, only when you look back. In other words you don’t know what the future will bring, you can’t force another person to learn something because it’s useful because in a few years it might not be. None of us know what will happen next year, let alone a decade after our children first enroll in school. Instead, learn from your interests, learn about what excites you, and you can make something work from that.
Building the Revolution in Education
Almost 100 years ago that was AS Neill’s idea too, so he built a democratic school. Still going today (run by his daughter) the children choose what lessons they would go to (if any at all) and would meet each week to discuss and vote on the rules for the whole school (it was a boarding school so they also lived together). All students and teachers had one vote each, it was a community where everyone was equal, regardless of age or competence. You can read more about that in AS Neill’s Summerhill, or watch the CBBC series which gives a good look at how this works.
Not everyone can build a school, so what can we do? In some way every teacher knows how to improve school. No teacher ever goes into teaching wanting to give children standardized tests, shout at a girl for having her hair out of place, and most importantly they never go into teaching to help children pass standardized tests. This all just comes with the territory. But it doesn’t have to.
More and more parents are homeschooling their kids. Many parents and teachers have in fact started their own mini-schools, effectively homeschooling their kids together. And at the Fairplay for All Foundation we have a drop-in centre for any kid in the nearby area to drop by and learn. The idea is to allow people to learn and teach whatever they want; wherever and with whatever learning methods too (within legal bounds, i.e. no corporal punishment). In Payatas, this includes the corkboard of learning. At the start of each day the teachers write what classes they’ll teach. The kids can add to this, posting classes they want to teach too. Anyone can teach, anyone can learn. Earlier today a child taught others the five senses, another kid was teaching addition, one kid was teaching football on the streets, a volunteer teacher was doing word games with a group, while others were teaching themselves keyboard. Any child is free to go to any class (or none at all), to move around if they get bored, and ultimately to leave if they don’t want to be here
For some time the problem we have is not attracting kids to learn… its finding room for them all. Kids in Payatas desperately want to learn. Let me be clear on some things, though, this isn’t always easy (or easier). Our centre is relatively small for roughly 100 different kids who come by in a week, mostly everyday. It’s draining for the staff with the extra energy, noise and mess. Teachers need to be very flexible to adjust quickly to students and to allow kids space to have arguments and find ways to resolve those. It takes patience and time… and a whole lot more patience.
But in the long run it’s so much more rewarding; children smile and genuinely laugh for the first time in months, they learn to love learning again, teachers learn to love teaching again, and you see kids debate issues with discussion and compromise that would shame some politicians. For sure we’re far from perfect (and would appreciate help from those with experience in such types of education), so for sure we have so much to improve on. But I believe in this because I believe in the kids.
The Next Step for FFA: Volunteer or Help Build the Fairplay Centre
So now we’re looking for volunteers to teach one day a week, Monday-Friday, 9am-5pm. We’re looking for people, experienced or not, who have a passion for teaching and who want to learn more about education philosophy and to apply it. You can teach any skill, music, hobby, or traditional subject. Anything. Likewise the kids are free to go to your class and to leave if they find it boring.
And the next step for FFA is to get a bigger place. Payatas is a very crowded area and space is hard to come by. An area for kids to play and study opens up so many possibilities – not least helping children who dropped out of school (usually to work to help their families eat) study in their own time and take High School equivalency tests when ready. This will be the Fairplay Centre – a place for anyone to learn in freedom and respect.
There’s a lot to be excited for 2015 so if you want to be a part of this revolution in education get in touch at firstname.lastname@example.org to volunteer and/or donate from wherever you are.
In the first part of this series I wrote about the Hidden Cost of School in the Philippines. Adding all the hidden costs of school in Payatas (the slum I live in) it’s about P15,000/year to have any chance of success. For the average family of five making P7,500/month (just below the poverty line), then, this means half of their income must be spent on their kids’ “free” education.
In this second article I want to move from the hidden cost of school to the hidden purpose of school. Let me first be clear in what I mean by saying school is not a human right but a prison, then, as universal education is being tied to ‘human rights’, it’s a Millenium Development Goal, and many NGOs focus entirely on education. There are a lot of good people with good intentions leading this fight, however we need to be VERY careful about what we’re fighting for because if we don’t define what we mean by Education and by School we can so easily become part of the problem, for they are very different things.
The Psychopathic School
For newcomers to this topic there is a huge number of people who have shown how school is a prison, many of them teachers. People like John Taylor Gatto, Ivan Illich, Paolo Frere, John Holt, AS Neill, Leo Tolstoy, George Dennison, and more have written countless books about how the real purpose of school and why it was designed that way. Let me also define what I mean by school here, as the institution we are compelled to go to by law to learn. There are many alternatives and good schools which don’t fall into the same category as what I describe below, or are much better. However the vast majority, especially public schools, do and the alternatives tend to be highly discouraged by the education system. This also doesn’t include colleges and Universities, as we don’t have to go there, it’s a choice, whatever the methods employed.
In Dumbing Us Down, John Gatto writes about how school, well, dumbs us down. It’s quite self-explanatory really. In one chapter he writes about ‘The Psychopathic School’. Compulsory education means you are forced to go, you cannot leave the premises during the 8 hours in school, you are told by a further authority what to do during those hours, what to learn and how to learn it. Any objection, any speech or protest, is met with sanctions and detention. Even going to the bathroom requires permission (and often a hall pass).
So, where we are, what we do, what we think, what we say, what we wear, who we’re with, and increasingly what we eat is controlled. Any objection, however slight, is met with instant disdain, shaming, and further restrictions on time (detention). For a more personal feel of what that feels like again, check out this article by a teacher which went viral as she shadowed a couple of students for two days. For an interesting read from a more psychological perspective you can check the Seven Sins of Our System of Forced Educationalso, for more about the effects of this psychologically.
What other institutions follow this same strategy? The only other places where you have no choice in attending, in the rules, the place, what you wear, and where you have to ask permission to go to the bathroom are prison and mental homes.
A Brief History of School
Just like prison and mental institutions, one of the biggest reasons school continues in its current form is that we think we’re doing this for their own good. Kids will need to learn this stuff if they’re to succeed in the world right? Kids will need to develop the right character and listen to the teacher because one day they’ll be listening to their boss?
In a large way that’s why compulsory education was invented – so the transition between obedience from the teacher to the boss would be easier. The biggest businesses and wealthiest families led the charge for forcing children into classrooms because they stood to gain the most. Check out John Taylor Gatto’s An Underground History of Education for more on that. Sir Ken Robinson talks about how the original purpose of school was to produce factory workers, not as a place of leaning, in a well-known TED talk here.
Now, the biggest employers in the USA are Walmart, McDonald’s, and Burger King. The system has had a facelift, but the framework is the same; producing uncritical, obedient workers for production lines.
To those who haven’t read about education philosophy and history before it sounds conspiratorial, but school as an institution became popular in the 19th century. This is a time of colonialism, a time when women were still largely considered property, and where only the richest men could vote. This is a time right before the USA embarked on eugenics, secretly sterilising their ‘undesirables’ so they couldn’t reproduce. This is the context for compulsory education because it was never about providing an opportunity; it was about the elite serving their own interests.
Universal compulsory education really took root from the Prussian model. In 1763 they declared all children until 13 or 14 years old must attend school to be educated in Christian ways, forming a universal curriculum. From the outset it was unapologetically about propaganda – convincing their children to blindly follow certain ideologies – and the duration has only increased since.
Other countries began copying this model and over the next century most of Europe had a compulsory education system. In the USA, Massachusetts was the first State to adopt compulsory education in 1852 and the last was Mississippi 1918 – fun side-note, Mississippi only officially outlawed slavery in 2013.
In Britain compulsory education came relatively late on – the Elementary Education act of 1880 forced kids to go to Primary School from 5-10 years old. It may be surprising that this comes after Britain’s rise through the Industrial Revolution, you would expect education to lead to the innovations they had, but despite other countries in Europe having a wider education system Britain produced the best inventors at the time precisely because it allowed creativity. As with Ken Robinson’s talk the system was about producing the right kind of citizen to fit into a rapidly growing nation, turning citizens into consumers (check out Edward Bernays for a fascinating look at this).
It’s For Their Own Good, Right?
There is no denying the overlap of methods in schools, prisons, and mental homes but you may still believe that it’s for their own good. It’s a big world and we have to prepare our kids for it. Well that’s exactly the reason I’m writing this; compulsory education is actually making us worse off.
As with Illich, Neill, Holt, Dennison, and others, it’s long been known that children learn to read and write naturally if given the freedom to, much like kids learn to walk and talk. Instead, the effect of The Psychopathic School has been to reduce literacy, as Gatto notes in Weapons of Mass Instruction, where he notes that to enter the US Army you need to read at a Grade Four level. In WWII the soldier’s literacy rate was 96%, in 1950 81% and by the 1970s this fell to 73%. This wasn’t an issue of increased participation of marginalised sectors, either. When you isolate racial factors you see that illiteracy doubled for blacks and quadrupled for whites.
See school kills that natural curiosity because whatever questions you have, whatever interests you have, are pushed aside for the National Curriculum. You can longer learn what you want to, you have to study what some faceless bureaucrats decided was best, and how they say too. Try asking a question in class not related to the ‘lesson’, you’re told to shut up. Try standing up in class just to move about naturally, you get shouted at again. That’s what I meant by the lack of freedom of speech, that school actively discourages certain human rights. Many children have such an enthusiasm when they first go to school, it’s not surprising then by the time they reach High School they’re apathetic, lazy, they “need to apply themselves”. It’s not that they’re actually lazy, it’s that they’re tired of being told what to do all the time, of having not a single choice throughout most of the day – even having to do homework when they can finally leave the building.
I’ve restricted myself to talking about the philosophy and overall purpose behind compulsory education rather than talking about its effectiveness and more practical elements. Part of the reason is that the ineffectiveness of modern schooling has been known for decades (centuries in all probability). Finland regularly tops the world charts for education, yet there is no Pre-School and little if any homework is done. Studies have previously shown homework does not improve grades, it is to extend the authority of school. Rote learning is based on memory and has nothing to do with intelligence, yet despite largely using rote methods no memory techniques are ever taught, though many brilliant and easy techniques exist to build a great memory. Anyone skilled in these techniques shoots to the top of the class. This is why Daniel Goleman, among others, writes much in Focus about how self-direction is a better indicator of future success (however defined) than grades and IQ. The problem is that school actively destroys self-direction; you have no choice in school. Those anonymous bureaucrats aren’t interested in your success, or your child’s success, because potentially that’s a threat to the system. And all of this is why Universities more and more are turning away from grades when admitting students – they don’t indicate competence in the student.
To conclude this point, the ineffective nature of school is why George Dennison, and others who ran alternative schools or research the effectiveness of education, say that a 12 year old child who has never been to school can learn everything from Elementary School in about 4 months. Imagine how much time and unnecessary frustration we could have saved.
What Can We Do?
This, of course, will all sound very negative to many of us, not least to teachers. If school is a prison than teachers are in effect prison guards. Many teachers will already know and understand what I’ve written and see their job as doing the best they can within the system. My Dad and Uncle were teachers, my brother-in-law is, and I’ve done some classroom style teaching myself (outside of coaching).
Others may be angry right now and say I’m criticising them and their profession. I hope I can show the opposite. The problem is not teachers, the problem is the system. Teachers, in the modern sense, also have little choice. Teachers cannot choose what to teach, how they will teach it, or where. My hope isn’t that we get rid of schools and therefore get rid of teachers; my hope is that we get revolutionise schools so that we can free teachers. If teachers and Headmasters were really free to arrange the school as they wanted, they’d be much happier places teaching far more effectively.
And this is the reason why I’m writing, to advocate for students choosing what, how, and where they study, and teachers choosing what, how, and where they want to teach. It’s not just cheaper and more effective, it’s also a much happier and more fulfilling environment.
If it sounds impossible just consider that it’s been done by so many before. Many of the key education philosophers I’ve mentioned typically founded their own alternative schools and showed how much more effective and how much happier their schools were. Many of those had taught in traditional education for some time and no doubt many of our current teachers and headmasters can do the same. There are democratic schools (where students choose what to study and students choose the school rules) in over 30 countries, homeschooling is becoming a far more popular choice, and parents are banding together to found mini-schools.
So this is the basis of the revolution in education: choice, freedom. You learn best when you decide to learn, when you choose to learn. Teachers teach best when they have freedom and choice too. This is the basis of what we hope to achieve in our education programs at the Fairplay for All Foundation, too, as if what we really want from our education system is to encourage learning, creativity, and self-drive, then we need a revolution in education.
With the global push for universal education over the last few decades, every country in the world now has some form of public school system. School has become “free” to the masses, based on the same model of a teacher, a classroom, a textbook, and a curriculum.
This model has conquered the world in a way no other idea or concept has. With Pre-School and University, some people spend 20 years in the formal education system before coming out into the “real world”. No Empire, no civilisation, no philosophy, and probably even no religion has reached as many people or been as widely accepted as school. This is, of course, with the understanding that school is an investment for the future. But in this first article of a three part series I want to first show how school is never “free”, that any public school is far too expensive for the country’s poor to afford, let alone succeed in.
So let’s work out how much it costs for a child to go to school.
The Hidden Cost of School
First, a child has to enroll. Officially school is supposed to be free but while public schools don’t charge a tuition fee, they do charge fees for parent-teachers associations, student government funds, tests, and other miscellaneous fees – some of which can be incredibly bizarre. Over the course of the child’s Elementary or High School education, these hidden fees for enrolling and taking tests often go beyond P5,000. And until you’ve paid that debt off, you can’t graduate.
So after negotiating your way through the miscellaneous fees of enrollment (sometimes literally), you’ll need to look the part. Around Payatas, where we live and work at the Fairplay for All Foundation, a uniform (shirt, shoes, trousers, PE uniform, etc.) comes to at least P1,000 ($22). Two sets of uniform, pretty much the minimum so you can wash one set while you wear the other one, runs up a bill of P2,000 ($44). On top of that you’ll need your school supplies, stationary, and a bag to put it all in, which adds another P1,000 ($22) a year.
But now we’ve enrolled and now we look the part, we have to get to the school. In Payatas transport is P14 per day (P7 each way for a student on a trike or jeep). With roughly 150 school days in the year that’s P2,100. But finally we’ve arrived at the destination, lessons can begin right? Well in the poorest areas school doesn’t start with lessons. It starts with all the students cleaning the school. Many public schools just can’t afford a janitor so every student becomes free labour, and they’re expected to bring cleaning supplies. Any student that doesn’t can be marked down for their ‘values’ (among other things). This is sometimes repeated each quarter and so for each kid that can add up to P500 and a few lost weeks every year as they work for the school and not for the family.
But finally you’re able to sit down for lessons. And after your lessons in school there’s homework. The materials for projects, homework, and assignments can get very expensive. Based on our experience sponsoring children in public schools we roughly estimate a minimum of P500 every month to meet every requirement well.
Next, after a hopefully successful semester, we can look forward to the end of quarter outing. There are the typical outings for the year, going to the cinema, a mall, a zoo, etc. running at a few hundred pesos each time, and then there’s special school outings. The top 10 students in a class are ‘invited’ to a special outing celebrating their achievements. Many of our sponsored kids are in the top ten of their classes. And so they came to request funds for this trip. Every student was charged P850 for the outing, as one mother put it: that’s a month’s worth of food for the entire family.And the teacher told them if they don’t go their grades will drop so they’re out of the top ten and another kid can replace them and pay the P850 instead.
Just like everything else before, if you don’t do the projects, don’t buy the right uniform, or can’t afford the school outings, your grades drop and your ‘education’ doesn’t get you a better job after all. Teachers rank their students on everything from geography, to maths, to values, honesty, and respect. What the values section roughly translates into is: does the student do exactly what the school and teacher says and do they pay for exactly what I tell them to pay for?
What you’ve hopefully noticed by now, is that not a single thing mentioned so far is about anything you learn or what would truly measure an ‘education’. In standardized testing your grade is everything. Yet no matter how much you learn, no matter how well you study and no matter what your test results are, your grade is being limited by how many of these costs you can afford. You have to buy at least part of your grade. So here’s a breakdown of the costs of “free” school:
School Supplies (P1,000)
Cleaning supplies & other miscellaneous items (P500)
Transport to and from school (minimum P14 a day)
Projects (P500 a month for 10 months)
Outings (P850 per quarter)
Miscellaneous Fees (P1,000 per year)
Total: P15,000 per year per child
The exact figures will differ between communities, and often between families in the same communities. I’ve also left out costs for things like lunch, as the home would have had to give lunch either way (leaving aside school lunches are usually more expensive than homemade meals). In either case, I don’t intend this to be an exact amount and it will need changing for different areas and different contexts. But this is a rough estimate for the minimum amount of money a family from a poor community must pay for their child to have any chance at succeeding in a public school.
Through the Eyes of the Poor
And here’s why it’s so important: when you look at these numbers from the eyes of a family living in poverty they are truly terrifying. For a family of five living in poverty (officially that’s below P8,500 a month for a family of 5 in Manila), they must spend half of their entire income on sending their 3 kids to school. School is no longer an opportunity; it is a potentially terrifying burden on the family.
No wonder so many drop out: 1/3 of Elementary Students drop out before Grade 5, and of those who reach High School 31% more drop out before Senior Year. They simply cannot afford it. This is why many families specialize their children, with one child going to school full-time and the others working to support their families and look after the youngest (Murakami, 2011, among others). The family cannot afford to send all their kids to school, and so their hopes are put into one child whose education is hoped to get them a decent enough job in the future to effectively be the parents’ pension. In other words, school has become a gamble for the poor. Education is a game of risk, and by definition only a small percentage can succeed: if there’s 100 kids in a classroom, only 10% can be in the top ten. The other 90 spent almost as much on school and have far less to show for it.
There are, of course, many groups doing the best they can with what they have. The public schools themselves are usually doing the best they can with the money, the teachers, and the number of students they have to deal with. The teachers are faced with such difficult pressures, a classroom crammed with children and many are doing their best in what is an impossible situation. There’s no time or room to think of what effective learning is, teaching becomes more about crowd management. And many NGOS, including ourselves at FFA, sponsor children in the public school system to allay these costs and make it easier for families to send their kids to school, not least because it’s almost the only place to gain formal qualifications. This can make a great difference for the child and the family. But in the big picture, to make that happen for everyone we would need to spend a whole lot more to extend that help and assistance to every child. It’s an incredibly difficult situation for everyone involved and by design, by definition, the vast majority will fall through the cracks. So what’s the lesson here?
Lesson Number One: School is Not Free
Universal education is not free. Families in slums in Manila must pay roughly P15,000 a year for their child to have a chance at success. Beyond that, as a society we’re putting incredible amounts of money into this system. The Department of Education receives the biggest budget of any department in the government. With P292.7 billion ($6.5 billion) spent on education in 2013, that works out to P2,927 ($65) for every man, woman, and child in the Philippines. And it’s increasing every year.
But if school was effective in teaching, in doing what it’s supposedly designed to do, then surely it would be worth it? We should increase DEPED’s budget and the poor kids (and the country as a whole) would do better right? Well that’s the topic for the second part; how this system is entirely outdated, how schools were never designed to be the best place for learning, and they’re really interested in teaching.
I don’t like to criticise, however constructively, without offering a solution. We all want the best for the kids and many people truly have the heart for that – again including an array of different NGOs and groups supporting children in education. But if this carries on the way it is we’ll only be treating the symptom. What we want is a long-term solution to the problem so that every child can afford to go to school, and every school can afford to offer a quality education. So in the third part, we’ll take a look at how we can break away from the Western model of compulsory schools to build a better model to give kids here a more effective and, most importantly, a happier learning environment. And save billions in the process.
At the Fairplay for All Foundation we are developing free, open source education based on academic research and community input. You can help support revolutionary education in Payatas by donating to FFA here:http://www.justgiving.com/FairplayForAllFoundation/
If you’d like to join the revolution in education you can teach kids in Payatas one day a week or sign up to classes on offer at FFA, you can email us at email@example.com for more information
The game started in a physical way at Daisuke Sato immediately bodychecked his man, bringing down Mongkol. A couple of fouls later and it was an early goal as Thailand curled a cross to the back post, Narubodin Weerawatnodom nodded the ball down for Chanathip Songkrasin inside the area, who had all the time in the world to pick his spot and sweep the ball into the corner of the net in the 6th minute.
It was poor defending as Chanathip was unmarked throughout the move with a Filipino midfielder running straight past him and the Thai dangerman having plenty of time within the area to settle himself and shoot. It was indicative of the Philippines’ nerves early on as they jumped in on tackles, Daisuke Sato in particular committing a couple more fouls.
With Thailand pressing forward at every opportunity, it seemed the Philippines were losing their heads a little bit, Sato committing his fourth foul of the game and living dangerously. From the free-kick, the Azkals cleared but only as far as Chanathip who hit over this time.
Sato was then replaced by Patrick Reichelt in an early substitution in the 32nd minute. It was likely much ealier than Coach Dooley wanted to make the chance, with Reichelt not 100% fit, but any other foul from Sato and he’d probably have been sent off.
Martin Steuble, moved to left back to cover Sato, straight away took out his man near the corner flag and picked up a deserved yellow himself as the Azkals continued their nervy start to the game.
Before the half-time whistle there was still time for another glorious chance for Thailand, though. First Peerapat shot over in the 39th minute, with Thailand having a man spare on the left wing again, while Patrick Reichelt headed a cross straight at the keeper in the only shot on target for the Philippines in the half.
But in the 44th minute Thailand could have doubled their lead as a great through ball sent Prakit through on goal. He tried to fake the shot and cross for Charyl Chappuis, but overhit the pass and left Chappuis stretching in vein to tap in what was a brilliant chance to kill the game.
For all their domination, Thailand had only scored one goal. An equalizer from the Azkals would mean they’d go through on away goals, and the Azkals started brightly as Martin Steuble forced a good save out of Kawin in goal for Thailand, as the big goalkeeper had to tip wide for a corner.
Better passing from the Philippines looked promising, but Thailand were dangerous on the counter. Five minutes later Prakit was left unmarked at the back post again and as he turned he took too many touches and the Azkals managed to slide in to make up for the error.
But in the 57th minute Thailand doubled their lead. Prakit’s lobbed through ball sent Kroekit through on goal. Chased down by Simone Rota, the right back couldn’t make an effective challenge without probably bringing him down and getting a red card, and Kroekit took his chance to tap beyond Deyto and put Thailand 2-0 up.
As the Philippines pushed forward in search of a first goal, though, Thailand continued looking the more dangerous. As Chanathip countered from a corner, he dribbled down the left wing but missed the two open men in the middle as he got caught by two defenders.
Moments later Prakit was on the break as Thailand had 4 on 2 at the back. The Azkals were again let off the hook as he hit his pass off the defender for a corner. It was Aguinaldo who saved the team next, on the same wing, as Thailand kept pressing and countering so well while the Azkals refused to track back.
The final substitution was made then, as Chris Greatwich came on for Paul Mulders who was once again ineffective in an Azkals shirt before Chappuis rounded Deyto on the left but couldn’t keep his balance to centre it for the third.
Then in the 79th minute Chanathip played a good through ball for Kroekit who drove wide, before Martin Steuble jumped into the back of Prakit, bum to the back of his head, and earned his second yellow card of the night. And down to ten men the Azkals’ chances evaporated.
And on the 86th minute another perfect through ball found Kroekit on the left wing, and he cut inside his defender and coolly slotted past Patrick Deyto to send Thailand through to their 4th Suzuki Cup final in 5 Suzuki Cups.
This is a Real Wakeup Call
In the end it was 3-0 and you couldn’t begrudge Thailand any of those goals. They were supreme and time and time again took the Azkals’ defence apart. We have to be classy when winning and classy in defeat here and accept that there is a problem with 6 Semi Final games without a goal now, a total of 540 minutes plus injury time.
It shows how little quality the Azkals have up front and with Phil Younghusband asked to drop back to create the chances, who’s there to finish them?
Meanwhile in the other Semi Final, Vietnam take a 2-1 lead back to Hanoi and so it looks like it’ll be Thailand versus Vietnam in the final, and I’m really not sure who’s going to win that one. Both of those countries look like the best Southeast Asia has to offer right now.
As for the Philippines, this is a great opportunity to take a good, hard look at Philippine football and see what we really need to do. There’s been great progress in the National team going from minnows to contenders in the region. But this looks like the ceiling for the Azkals with the current method.
This is a real wake up call for Philippine football and for the PFF. Thailand more than deserved the 3-0 result and it’s not just a fair reflection of the game but a fair reflection of the state of football in both countries.
If you want to support grassroots football in Payatas, home to the largest dumpsite in the Philippines as well as some absolute gems of little players, you can donate to help Fairplay for All and Payatas FC build its own futsal court, school, and urban farm here: https://www.justgiving.com/FairplayForAllFoundation/
It was a goalless game at the Rizal Memorial Stadium, but it wasn’t without action as Thailand escape Manila with a goalless draw. Thailand looked the better team early on, but the Azakls got a foothold into the game and improved until half-time.
Neither team fashioned a golden chance but Thailand were left short-handed as Adisak Kraisorn was sent off for apparently striking Amani Aguinaldo. The replay is inconclusive and either way Thailand will feel hard done by, but you can watch that below.
Down to two men and under heavy pressure for the last 20 minutes, the War Elephants defended stoutly and managed to escape Manila still level in this two legged Semi Final clash as the Philippines picked up its first ever clean sheet against Thailand.
The second leg will be held at the Rajamangala Stadium in Bangkok, and the result there will determine which team will reach the finals of the Suzuki Cup, Thailand for the 4th time in the last 5 editions of the tournament, or the Philippines for the first ever time?
It was a nervy start for the Azkals as defensive errors from Amani Aguinaldo, Rob Gier, Daisuke Sato, and Patrick Deyto put the team under pressure early in the first half. Giving away a free-kick on the edge of the area, Thailand curled just wide in an early scare for the Philippines as Thailand looked the better side in the early stages of the game.
Then a foul by Martin Steuble left Thai forward Kirati Keawsombut stretchered off and Adisak Kraisorn came on to replace him. The Philippines eventually began to settle down and get more of a foothold in the game, beginning to knock the ball around well, but Misagh Bahadoran’s first touch on the left wing couldn’t keep up with the pace of the movement. The pressure on Thailand’s defence now showed as Manny Ott broke free on the right wing, the ball rebounding off a Thai defender who wasn’t strong enough in the challenge, but Ott’s cross was too deep and the chance went, before Martin Steuble’s cross from the same position was headed out for a corner with no Azkal in the danger area.
And then a through ball from the Azkals was blocked by Tanaboon Keserat’s hand and he was deservedly booked. The free-kick, over 30 yards out, looked too far from goal but Phil Younghusband surprised more than just myself by curling at goal. Thai goalkeeper Kawin Thammasatchanan (who looks like a Thai version of the Hulk btw) dove to his right to save well.
And decent passing from the Azkals again showed their improvements under Head Coach Thomas Dooley, but it was Paul Mulders, in for Patrick Reichelt who isn’t yet 100% fit, whose touch let him down for the second time in the game and the chance came and went.
Goalless at the break, it was a positive start from the Azkals who were now in the ascendancy. Thailand is the much favoured team in this clash, and for the Suzuki Cup as whole, and almost went ahead as Peerapat Notchaiya shot just wide after good build up in probably their best chance of the game. The Azkals then probably had their best chance as Daisuke Sato won the ball back outside the Azkals’ area and played a quality through ball for Phil Younghusband to counter.
The Philippines’ top scorer ran past his man and was through on goal, but stumbled under the second challenge from behind and couldn’t get his shot off well, with some claiming a foul. Thailand again threatened next as Adisak played the ball in for Charyl Chappuis who drove across the face of goal, before Patrick Deyto dallied on the ball in goal and put the defence under pressure from the weak clearance.
A couple of minutes later, Patrick Reichelt came in for Paul Mulders, who was again ineffective in an Azkals shirt, and he provided more impetus up front. And Kenshiro Daniels replaced Simone Rota, a huge call as Thailand’s attacks heavily focussed on their left wing, at our right back, again mentioned in my scouting report. Immediately after coming on he played a good play forward to showcase his attacking potential, but on the counter was caught out of position, showing his defensive inexperience.
But the potential danger was negated as in the 68th minute Adisak Kraisorn was sent off. The replay isn’t so conclusive but check it out below and make up your own mind.
It looks like Amani instigates the whole thing and shoves Adisak, squaring up to him. As Amani puts his head towards Adisak, the Thai striker swings his right arm round to hit Amani, and the Filipino defender goes down.Whatever exactly happened, it gave the Azkals a clear advantage as they pushed forward for the remaining 25 minutes of the game, Phil Younghusband shooting at the goalkeeper and bundling his defender over in another chance, before a cross to the back post wasn’t quite accurate enough to feed Misagh Bahadoran.
Steuble shot at the goalkeeper before Suttinan Phuk-Hom pushed Reichelt over but no foul was given as the Azkals failed to break down the Thai defence enough to create a clear cut chance to grab the advantage ahead of the second leg in Thailand.
Home Court Advantage
After the game Phil Younghusband summed up the game well, saying “I think today we showed we can compete with teams like Thailand”. Particularly at home anyway. Rizal Memorial Stadium was almost full for the game, something that surprised me and others given tickets only went on sale earlier this week. The crowd were loud and boisterous throughout the game and a lot of credit must be given to them and the Azkals management for that. A nice sidenote that finally PFF lifted the restrictions on big flags for the Philippines and again the big flag was flown at RMS.
Home advantage counts for a lot in football and though before the game many people would have been happy with a draw and stopping Thailand grabbing an away goal, but the way it worked out Thailand will be happier with this result. Overall the game was a very close match until the red card. Looking at the match facts Thailand ended with more shots than the Philippines and created the better chances too, most likely, but a man down for the last 25 minutes Thailand truly have escaped the Rizal Memorial Stadium with a draw.
And in the second leg, Thailand will also be missing forwards Adisak and potentially Kirati (the former will be suspended for his red card while the latter’s injury will be closely watched). Before the game many fans would’ve taken that result against the team rated at the top of Southeast Asia. But the way it worked out it’s Thailand who are escaping this game with a draw – the first time the Philippines hasn’t been defeated by Thailand in a game since their only win over Thailand in 1971.
If you want to support grassroots football in the Philippines, for kids who truly deserve an opportunity, you can support Payatas Football Club by donating here so the team can get it’s own futsal court: https://www.justgiving.com/FairplayForAllFoundation/
Payatas FC is run by the Fairplay for All Foundation. And the need is great in Payatas as the team have only been allowed to train once in the last six weeks on the local barangay court. Despite this the potential is massive, with players from Payatas FC previously part of the National youth team and Team Philippines in Street Child World Cup. To see more about Payatas check out the FIFA Futbol Mundial:
Back in 2011 I formed Payatas FC early in the year and Naomi Tomlinson had come over from the UK after some fundraising and we pooled resources to start the foundation here in Payatas. We rented a place in and Naomi took charge in renovating and opening the drop-in centre, taking care of the day to day operations, while I ran Payatas FC, fundraised in the Philippines, researched, and planned. We started with practically no budget, no network, but we immersed ourselves in the community.
Find the Cure, Don’t Treat the Symptoms
That immersion was step 1. A necessary step. It’s a shame but so much charity goes on without ever asking people what they need or want in the first place, nor asking the people who they’re trying to help for any input at all. I often use the example of a charity being like a doctor. You go to a doctor because they will analyze the symptoms and provide the right treatment for a disease (a good doctor anyway, minus the kickbacks from big pharmaceuticals). In many ways poverty is a disease, just a man-made one. And with any disease if you only treat the symptoms you’ll never find a cure.
In charity that is all too common, as people think that a feeding program, giving school supplies, and similar handouts are effective. Someone ate today, but they’re hungry again tomorrow. In few cases do people stop to think why they lack food, school supplies, or whatever particular thing is being handed out. The root cause of poverty is never as simple as just lacking something. That is the symptom. And unless we find out what the underlying cause is, we can find out how the disease started and we can never cure it. It has to be about sustainability.
Again you go to a doctor not because he’s kind, or gentle, or has good intentions – but because he can understand what the problem is and prescribe the right treatment for a cure, so that you become well and never have to go back to the doctor again for that issue. Feeding programs and other handouts have their place, whether getting people back on their feet after a natural disaster or in similar emergency situations. But as a long-term policy handouts are not only ineffective, they create dependency and make those symptoms worse in the long-run. Not least because they treat the recipient as the traditional charity-case, rather than empowering them to find and work their own solution. Always treat the cure, not the symptom.
So that was the basis of why we immersed ourselves in Payatas, the basis of why I moved from England to the foot of a dumpsite in Payatas, the Philippines.
The First Drop-in Centre
And that’s why we opened the drop-in centre; a safe space for the kids in the area to come and learn, play, and hang out. Here we got to know the kids and their individual circumstances, and got a glimpse into how we could be of some use in the long run.
Very quickly we had 30 kids coming by each day to the drop-in centre, a dingy wooden building which I believe is scientifically known as a ‘craphole’. But that craphole served us for the time.
There were challenges of course. In the first week we came back from dinner to find half the door was sawed off. Someone had broken in and stole the rice cooker and stove we just bought. Six months passed without incident then someone broke through the window. We believe it was the same people who broke in the first time. This time they took my laptop, which was on the table as I was working on essays for my Master’s Degree at UP Diliman, and put it in the nearest bag – a bag which had my passport in it as I left it by the kitchen because I was extending my visa at the time.
By then we’d hired a local mother at the drop-in centre to manage the kitchen. And after a security guard across the road said that someone was near the area looking suspicious, had long hair, and something as innocuous, she and the other mothers said it was probably a guy they knew. Turned out it was. Everyone knows everyone in slum communities and if you’re part of the community people look out for you.
So a father in the area, whose sons were in the football team, took it upon himself to track the guys down on his day off. Within 24 hours I had my passport back, in 48 hours I had my laptop back. By then the laptop had already been wiped and sold to a store in Ever Gotesco along Commonwealth Avenue, but they tracked it down (the thieves had been caught and told them where they’d sold it). Now I’d lost all my research and other files, but that was still a big win.
I made a deal not to prosecute the guys for their cooperation getting everything back, under the idea that if they tried to steal from anywhere else again they’d be prosecuted for this too. A couple of weeks later they broke into another place, got shot by the security guard, and that was the end of that.
You learn very quickly in poor communities that nothing is ever so black and white. You can study poverty, human behavior, rationality, psychology, you can study anything at all in the pristine objective laboratory of school, but all of the theories, the data, and objectivity mean so little when you actually live it out. In an easier sentence to understand, if you’ve never experienced life in poverty you can never truly understand how difficult it is.
Becoming part of the community of Payatas we’d seen how difficult things are, how smart and hardworking the people here are, and you sympathise much more. Imagine you’re a smart 15 year old. You know more than your teachers, you realize your education in a public school is practically useless crammed in a classroom of 100 other kids to a single teacher, not leat because you’re hungry and can’t concentrate on the lessons or afford the materials to do the homework. Now imagine you realize the only job you’re gonna get is scavenging through trash and you can either go to school hungry, or you can work and get food. For us we can think of it for a moment, but for everyone here that’s daily life. So they face the choice of working their asses off 16 hours a day, 6 days a week, for less than P5,000 a month (often much less) to barely feed their family, or turning to crime. I’m not surprised by how much crime is in the slums, I’m surprised there’s not so much more.
But back to FFA. After a couple of years in the craphole, we were able to fundraise and buy a bigger place. With the help of Alasdair Thomson in particular, we bought the rights to a house nearby and renovated it. By mid-2013 it was ready to move in. Overnight we went from 30 kids each day to 100. The kids really want to learn, to play, and to learn again… all that’s missing is the place.
So by now the team has grown to three teachers, a social worker, an admin assistant, a largely full time volunteer and myself. We handle roughly 100 kids a day here. Our education sponsorship program grew from 20 to 60 kids, while our baon store and urban farm typically break even and sometimes make a profit each month – all with the main purpose of providing healthier food to the kids and the community.
Naomi had contracted whooping cough and returned to England. After recovering, she’s now studying and will take her bachelor’s degree. And back in the Philippines we have big plans.
The first step for this has been to start open source education. Anyone can post anything they’d like to teach or learn, and when there’s a match they study together. As I write this, two kids are learning to play the keyboard, a group are doing acting class in the library, a couple of kids are having small tutorials in the study room, there’s a sewing class upstairs, some of the kids are exploring the urban farm, and the rest are making a mess of the main area with toys. Play is essential to childhood and to learning, it is entirely underrated in academics, and so unless a child is ready to learn, asks to learn something, we don’t push them. Open source education, driven by the student and what they want to learn, has always been more effective. And as we learn from experience, and continue learning from our own and others’ research, this form of education has massive potential.
Of course it’s not easy – but the potential is huge. I’ll write more about that in an upcoming article on education specifically.
For now, though, I can wrap this up by saying how things continue to grow. Everything started very, very small and has grown organically since then – with community input, research, and being residents of Payatas ourselves. From two of us living in a wooden shack falling apart and no budget, to a secure, larger building, organizing Team Philippines in the Street Child World Cup, a team of 10 full-time staff, 57 kids sponsored in full-time school, and big plans for the near future, we’ve at least doubled financially and operationally every year. There’s a lot to be excited about – particularly in what happens next. So look out for the third and final part of this series of articles to know more about what’s next with FFA.
You can also get involved and teach in Payatas too. Teach anything at all: a musical instrument, a language, a skill, a hobby. Email us at firstname.lastname@example.org to teach one day a week.
The Azkals ran out comfortable winners after recovering from an early scare from Laos at the My Dinh National Stadium in Hanoi. Laos took the lead after a beautiful free-kick from Khamphen Sayavutthi but Simone Rota and Phil Younghusband headed the Azkals back on level terms and then ahead before Patrick Reichelt came off the bench to score and brace and wrap up a great win to open the 2014 Suzuki Cup.
The Philippines started quickly as the team had a great chance in the opening minutes. A sluggish Lao backline was caught out as a chipped through pass found Phil Younghusband onside but the Philippines’ top scorer rushed his shot, controlling and shooting on his second touch when he had time in front of goal. Trickling wide, his shot was shepherded out by the recovering defence.
The Philippines’ size advantage rapidly became apparent as the much smaller Laotians were at times bullied off the ball. But after Juani Guriado bodychecked his man 20 yards out, Laos took the lead from a free-kick. Curling in over the wall and hitting the post on its way in, Khampheng Sayavutthi’s sublime free-kick opened the scoring of the game and of the 2014 Suzuki Cup in the 21st minute. It was the midfielder’s 9th goal for his country, and 5th goal in the Suzuki Cup so far, after netting four times in Qualification.
The goal came against the run of play and taken by surprise the Azkals picked up the pace a little and almost equalized in the 31st minute as Laos’ goalkeeper spilled the ball under pressure from Mark Hartmann and Phil Younghusband poked goalwards. Replays were inconclusive as to whether the ball crossed the line, as the Suzuki Cup doesn’t have Hawkeye (or the magic line spray), and the officials didn’t give it (which I’d say is probably the right decision).
Then in the 40th minute, a Manny Ott corner swung in and was met by Simone Rota at the near post, who flicked in to equalize. With no-one on the back post Laos could have prevented the goal but they lost the aerial battle throughout the match and may have wanted more numbers in the area.
And five minutes later Laos the Azkals exploited their height advantage again as a cross from the left wing met Phil Younghusband who nodded the Azkals in front right before half-time.
The swing killed Laos’ morale and the game began slowly in the second half as a result. It took a while for it to burst into life again but in the 64th minute Laos almost equalized as they countered down the left and centred the ball, but couldn’t just quite stretch enough to tap in.
Soon after and at the other end substitute Patrick Reichelt, who came on for Mark Hartmann, seemed to kill the game. Phil Younghusband’s chipped ball fed the Ceres winger through and he nutmegged the Laotian keeper to give the Philippines a two goal cushion.
3-1 down, Laos got frustrated and picked up a few unnecessary bookings in the process, and the game was killed off as super sub Patrick Reichelt grabbed his 7th goal for the country in the 88th minute. Phil Younghusband took the ball down the left wing and with the outside of his boot played in a fantastic ball to the backpost with three Azkals queuing up to score. Reichelt was the one to get on the end of the assist and wheeled away to celebrate his brace and a Philippine victory in the opening game of the Suzuki Cup.
It was a solid performance from the Azkals after a less than ideal preparation and rumblings of discontent in the camp. With 60% possession and three times more shots than Laos (18-6), the Azkals deserved the victory and it puts them in pole position ahead of hosts Vietnam’s clash with Indonesia.
Cheering from Payatas
Watching from Payatas the kids and I enjoyed the victory. After seeing the open door at our drop-in centre here just before kick-off the room quickly filled with 20 kids cheering on the Philippines and enjoying the action and more trickled in as the word got around.
Most of the kids train with us at the local barangay basketball court as part of Payatas Football Club, the team I coach here in Payatas. And there are some fantastic talents here too. The potential is huge, as we’ve had players called up for the National Youth Teams after a year and a half of playing once a week, barefoot on a basketball court. The passion for football is amazing, one time they burst the football and started kicking around the basketball for the next week instead, until that broke.
So with the Azkals performing well we can all see that football is growing, but there are many obvious growing pains at the same time. The main one being playing venues. In Payatas we have over 100 kids using the same basketball court to train, but lately we’ve been allowed to use the court less and less, always having to fight with local basketballers even when we’ve scheduled the court with the local barangay. It’s impossible to find enough time, and not caring about the kids (who can’t vote of course) we get bumped whenever there’s a conflict. So our goal, our dream, is now to build our own futsal court.
With the facilities we know that the kids will improve massively, as the older kids start coaching the younger ones too. And at the same time we’ll be building a school, a large urban farm, facilities for social enterprise and livelihood, and so much more. Philippine football is growing fantastically well and the Azkals are competing valiantly at the top of Southeast Asia. But right now the level of infrastructure is so far off the level of Thailand, Vietnam, Malaysia, Singapore, and others in the region. Helping to build futsal courts in areas where the beautiful game is beautifully loved is essential. So to be part of the team and help us reach these exciting goals please visit this Just Giving page, give what you can, and share it with friends and family: www.justgiving.com/FairplayForAllFoundation/
For more information email us at email@example.com and to see more about Payatas FC check out this great feature by FIFA TV on FIFA Futbol Mundial.